Joaquim Vitorino Ribeiro dedicated some of his compositions to historical and religious themes where he manifests very particular interests and thematic options, foreign to the aesthetic movements which mainly influenced his contemporaries. In 1873, after having attended the course of studies at the Academia Portuense, he left for Paris where he intended to complete his artistic training. He presented the “Christian Martyr” at the Salon of 1880, a work executed in 1879 that clearly expressed his adhesion to the language and aesthetics of the Symbolist movement.